History of Espresso

How did people ever get by without espresso?

As many coffee connoisseurs know, espresso is made by forcing water under pressure by finely ground coffee, which results in a full and robust coffee flavor. For more than a century, inventors have been topping off the espresso taste and espresso the machine. It’s no secret to many people that the origin of espresso is being argued. Some say it is because the amount of made coffee was “expressly” for one. It could have been a previous Italian word for the “pressed coffee.”

Since the 1880s, the term café-espress has been utilized before the existence of espresso machine. It means, coffee made to order are expressly for the individual who is requesting it. Aside from that, it also means fresh coffee in every sense of the word, which includes made from fresh roasted beans at most two weeks next to use, ground before brewing and brewed before drinking.

As the leap of the world gets going in the late nineteenth century, investors began looking for easier and faster way to produce coffee so that individuals don’t have to wait for some minutes brewing it to get one fresh cup of coffee. Steam was first used rather than water. At World’s Fair in 1896, the first espresso maker’s version was displayed.

Although the version was fast, unfortunately, it is not enough to satisfy people. It was different from gourmet coffee, as the flavor of coffee is better when brewed at only below boiling. In that scenario, Luigi Bezzera of Milan, Italy entered. He is widely recognized as the father of espresso. In 1901, he was able to build a machine that had four divisions and a boiler.

It forced boiling water and steam through coffee in the cup. Soon, he immediately named the invention the made as the “Fast Coffee Machine.” Unfortunately, Bezzera was not as talented at sales and marketing because he was at engineering. That’s why he decided to sell the machine he made to a particular businessman known as Desiderio Pavoni.

Desiderio Pavoni bought the patent of Luigi Bezzera. In 1905, the Pavoni Company that is owned by Desiderio began manufacturing the machines. Since then, the “La Pavoni” machines became hugely popular around the world. They arrived in the US in the 920s. So, Luigi Bezzera can be responsible for giving the espresso machine to the world. However, Pavoni’s marketing had changed the way people drink coffee. Learn about it at mydemitasse.com.

Improvements of Espresso

From the 1920s to 1940s, Italian engineers have experimented with the pumping devices to increase the brewing pressure as well as further alleviate the seared taste coming from the boiling water and steam forced by the machine. In 1938, M. Cremonesi, a coffee grinder factory worker, developed this type’s first practical model. His machine has screw piston that forced hot water through the coffee. Achille Gaggia used this machine in the coffee bar.

But, a bomb throughout WWII smashed his coffee maker. Gaggia improved the machine through integrating a spring lever piston. Not all people appreciated the exceptional coffee. So, Gaggia opted to market his coffee as cafe crema rather than espresso.